A Ride to the Past

​​By Lia Bensley, Wolfe’s Neck Center’s Marketing & Communications Manager 


On Saturday, September 18, 2021 I hopped aboard the history wagon ride offered through Wolfe’s Neck Center’s community & visitor programs, hoping to learn more about the history of this land and its people. In my communications role on Wolfe’s Neck Center’s team, it is my responsibility to help tell the stories of the current-day farm, but of course, so much of the present has deep ties to our past. 

The two-hour tour was led by the dynamic duo of Jim DeGrandpre and Kathy Smith. Jim is our Director of Visitor Services and Kathy is an acclaimed local historian, both with special ties to this place and area. Jim arrived at Wolfe’s Neck Center over five decades ago. In October 1968, Mr. and Mrs. L.M.C. Smith invited Jim’s father, Charlie DeGrandpre, to join them in Maine to develop their visionary organic beef farm, with a focus toward educating and demonstrating organic principles. Jim’s family even lived in the Little River Farmhouse, which now houses our admin offices and serves as the hub for educational programs. Kathy is married to Sam Smith, one of Mr. and Mrs. Smith’s children and long-standing board member. An impactful historian, neighbor, and steward of Wolfe’s Neck, Kathy’s institutional knowledge is invaluable. Together this pair guided our group of 20 through centuries of historical knowledge and present-day facts.

We first gathered at the Little River Farmhouse’s tent where each attendee was handed a binder full of maps, genealogy charts, old letters, and photographs. Then we climbed aboard the tractor where Jim served as chauffeur and Kathy as tour guide. Every few minutes, Jim stopped the tractor so he and Kathy could share an anecdote, historical or cultural relevances, and answer questions. Our stops included: 

  • The Banter House: Originally constructed in the 1840s, Banter now houses our Organic Dairy Farmer Training Program apprentices.
  • Wolfe’s Neck State Park: The park contains varied ecosystems, including climax white pine and hemlock forests, a salt marsh estuary, and the rocky shorelines on Casco Bays and the Harraseeket River.
  • The Mallet Barn: Built by E.B. Mallet in 1890, the Mallet Barn was used to store hay before shipping it to Boston, Philadelphia, and NYC via sailing vessels. Currently, the Mallet Barn is the site of many of the Center’s events, including Farm to Table dinners and this week’s Beers in the Barn fundraiser.
  • The Pote Barn & House: Ship captain Greenfield Pote built the house around 1760 in Falmouth, approximately 20 miles south of the farm. He moved the house to Freeport in 1787. The home is one of the oldest in Freeport and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The barn currently houses our young heifers. 
  • Wolf Neck Road: Just past the Mallet Barn, our group walked to a clearing in the trees to view the remains of the Casco Castle in south Freeport. Built in 1903, this grand resort hotel offered an amusement park, small zoo, baseball park, and formal gardens. It burned down in 1914 but the tower that remains has become a symbol of the town of Freeport and a beacon for boats heading into the harbor. 
  • The Wedding Field: The last stop on our tour was the Wedding Field, an expansive plot which looks out to Googins Island and Casco Bay. This site used to host weddings. 

The tour also touched upon the regenerative agriculture practices that have been employed on this land for decades. The Smiths were committed to the future of Maine farming, to the new idea of organic agriculture, to conservation and the preservation of open space, to public access to the sea, and to the preservation of historic buildings and sites. 

Kathy and Jim also spoke to the fact that Wolfe’s Neck Center operates on the historic lands of the Abenaki people – members of the Wabanaki Confederation of Native people in Maine. We acknowledge and honor the tribes who comprise the Wabanaki Confederacy – the Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Maliseet, Abenaki, and Mi’kmaq peoples – who have stewarded these lands for centuries. We respect the traditional values of these Tribes and affirm their inherent sovereignty in this territory. The Wabanaki are the first peoples of northern New England, and have lived on this land for over 16,000 years. Wabanaki means people of the dawn, and Maine is the first place in the United States where the sunrise touches the Atlantic Coast.

The tour was an incredible tribute to the people who worked these lands for hundreds of years. As Wolfe’s Neck Center looks to farming and food for the future of our planet, it is important to remember our past and the role early stewards of this land played. While this was the last history hay wagon ride of the season, we hope you’ll join us next spring & summer as we continue to share the historical relevance of this special place.

For more photos of the event, please click here.

Join us on Saturdays in October from 9am-3pm for a scenic ride on our hay wagon! Enjoy views of pastures and Casco Bay, followed by a chance to pick out your own pumpkin!

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